Six Important Types And Applications Of Stainless Steel Pipes?
One of the most versatile materials that finds great use in the industries is stainless steel. A corrosion-resistant alloy, stainless steel combines steel with a certain proportion of chromium with carbon and other alloying elements. Chromium is important to the manufacturing of stainless steel, as it hardens the steel and increases its corrosion-resistant ability, mostly at higher temperatures. Hence, it has made stainless steel valuable material in the market.
Of its various advantageous properties, stainless steel has low maintenance, high tensile strength, is durable, and is temperature resistant. Its easy formability is used in various applications, mostly in the manufacture of pipes and tubes. You can easily buy stainless steel tube once you finalize the grade and applications as per the service requirements.
Stainless Steel Piping can be broadly categorized into six major categories based on its usage and application.
1) Stain Less Steel Piping
Based on their functions, types, and grades, stainless steel pipes can be categorized. In the T300 series stainless steel austenitic, Type 304 stainless steel becomes one of the most popular choices for piping and tubing purposes. It is known for its high chemical and corrosion resistance. But, in some applications, a temperature between 800-640 degrees Fahrenheit is used, and the Type 304 becomes susceptible to carbide precipitation. In such cases, Type 304L stainless steel should be used as it caters to low carbon content. Hence it can be welded without being subjected to temperature issues.
2) Stainless Steel Tubing For General Corrosion Resistance
Austenitic stainless steels have a higher nickel and chromium content. When compared to the martensitic or the ferritic types, such stainless steels can provide higher resistance to corrosion when subjected to the same general conditions. This can be used in applications that prefer the corrosion-resistant property over anything else.
3) Stain Less Steel Pressure Pipe
Prepared from the combination of chromium and nickel or from solid chromium, stainless steel pressure pipe is used in several ways. It can be categorized under several types, like a seamless and welded pipe, the electric fusion welded pipe, which is used in applications that require high pressure. The welded pipe, which has quite a large diameter, is used specifically in high-temperature applications. Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels are known for their mechanical qualities.
4) Stain Less Steel Sanitary Tubing
It is used in applications that require greater strength and higher corrosion resistance. Sanitation of the stainless steel piping or tubing becomes important if it is in contact with edible products or other sensitive substances. Stainless steel sanitary tubing is known for its easy to clean property. The stainless steel sanitary tubing has a 304-grade steel type or the 316L grade. Both of these grades are known for their strength and high-temperature capabilities. Mostly the stainless steel sanitary tubing is used in pharmaceutical industries, nuclear power, oil and gas plants, food, dairy, and beverage industries.
5) Stain Less Steel Mechanical Tubing
In the applications which have a hollow formed structure like the cylinders, stainless mechanical tubing is used. For mechanical tubing applications, the grades generally used are ASTHMA 511 and A55. Stain less Mechanical Tubing is also known as Stainless Steel Hollow Bar. It is mostly used in Chemical Industry, Petrochemical Industry, Automotive Production Industry, Pulp, textile industry, and sugar mills, and industries. According to the use, it can have different diameters, which can be customized.
6) Stain Less Steel Aircraft Tubing
The stainless steel needs to have a greater chromium and nickel content in the highly specific aircraft applications. This allows it to resist heat and corrosion. Stainless steel aircraft tubing is found in applications that require high strength. It can be work-hardened or welded too. For the welded parts, stainless steel with low carbon content needs to be used.
Why Should One Use Stain Less Steel Pipes?
The use and applications of stainless steel pipe is summarized below:
· Corrosion resistance: One of the most quoted usages of Stainless Steel is undoubtedly its corrosion resistance property. It is resistant to oxidation and gives a durable lifetime to the piping.
· Hygiene: Stainless steels are inert in water and hence is very hygienic. The leaching of the alloys like chromium and nickel used in it is within safe limits.
· Coefficient of friction: Stainless steel pipe offers lower friction than cement lined carbon steel pipes. This helps to reduce the pipe's internal diameter, which saves the capital cost. Also, lower bacteria content is found in such materials.
· Good strength and ductility: It has higher mechanical properties than carbon steel pipes.
· Excellent durability and recyclable: It is effective for longer-term usage. It can also be recycled easily.
Among the categories of stainless steel Piping, based on the end-use of the tube or pipe, it is used in the applications. Certain traits of stainless steel Piping are desirable in any particular application, and the chromium, nickel, and carbon content in the alloyed material decides its properties.